BDO Nexus. Black Deset Online News


21.10.2020

All About Autumn Season Graduation

16 October 2020 
 

Greetings Adventurers,

 

This October 21st is the date that many of you have been waiting for. To be exact, it’s the start date of the Autumn Season Early Graduation! 

In preparation for the upcoming early graduation, we put together this guide to explain what you might want to know about the Autumn Season and Early Graduation.  

Now then, let’s begin!

 

 

What is the Autumn Season Early Graduation schedule?

 

Adventurers who’ve had their fill of the Autumn Season servers can start their adventures in the regular servers a bit earlier with Early Graduation.  

While graduating early from the season server does mean that you can enjoy the regular servers earlier and equip gear that season characters can’t equip, it also means that you will no longer be able to enjoy the perks of the season servers and participate in any season server events.

So, make sure you’re 100% ready before graduating early!

Early Graduation Schedule

October 21, 2020 (Wed) after maintenance–November 18, 2020 (Wed) before maintenance

Normal Graduation Schedule

November 18, 2020 (Wed) after maintenance–December 2, 2020 (Wed) before maintenance

 

※ The end date of normal graduation is subject to change.

  • Please note Normal Graduation is simply for those who want to graduate without meeting the requirements of the early graduation before the Autumn Season ends.

Adventurers who graduate early according to the schedule above are classified as “Early Graduation Adventurers.” However, there are a couple of requirements you must fulfill before you can graduate early. Let’s find out more below.

 

 

What are the Early Graduation requirements?

 

Early Graduation Requirements

– Achieved at least 228 main weapon AP and 291 DP (This does not include the awakening weapon AP listed in the equipment screen, and is only 228 main weapon AP.)

– Adventurers who haven’t bought the Black Spirit Pass must have completed all of the “Season Pass Challenges” and received the rewards.  

– Adventurers who have bought the Black Spirit Pass must have completed all of the “Season/Black Spirit Pass Challenges” and received the rewards.

※ AP and DP from the Adventure Logs are not counted for the requirements. 

 

If you do not fulfill the early graduation requirements, you can’t use the “Honorable Adventurer's Certificate” item to become a regular character, so make sure to complete the Season/Black Spirit Pass Challenges and receive all the rewards before trying to graduate!

Additionally, if you’ve purchased an “[Event] Black Spirit Pass” and haven’t used it, you won’t be able to use the item after graduating, so that’s another thing you need to check your inventories for before graduating!

Now, once you’ve double-checked all the above and fulfilled the requirements, you’re ready to go find your ever-reliable companion in the season servers, the <Crow Merchants Guild Chief Manager> Fughar, and accept the quest “[Season Server Graduation] At the Crossroad” to graduate early.

Another thing! Early graduation isn’t something you must do! Adventurers who wish to take their time with the Autumn Season don’t need to graduate early.

 

 

Do I have to fulfill the requirements to graduate?

 

Don’t worry if you can’t fulfill the early graduation requirements.

After the early graduation period, normal graduation begins on November 18th (after maintenance), and anyone who wishes to graduate can do so without having to fulfill the early graduation requirements.

At this point, you’ll also need to go to the <Crow Merchants Guild Chief Manager> Fughar and accept the quest “[Season Server Graduation] At the Crossroad” once you want to graduate.

Same as with early graduation, make sure you check your inventories for an unused “[Event] Black Spirit Pass” since you won’t be able to use the item after you graduate!

 

 

Perilla's Star? What’s that?

 

 

We know some of you might be curious about the story hinted in the previous Autumn Season GM Note about Perilla’s Star. Thus, we’ve prepared this bit for you!

Presenting the Autumn Season’s special reward – Perilla's Star!

While the exact details on how to obtain Perilla’s Star will be revealed in future update details, Adventurers who graduate early will still be able to obtain Perilla’s Star. Don’t worry about missing out if you want to graduate early.    

And for Adventurers who couldn’t get the PEN (V) Capotia accessory for the Summer Season, once you’ve graduated after fully enjoying the Autumn Season and learned the story behind Perilla’s Star through a special quest, you’ll get a chance to select between the PEN (V) Capotia accessory and Perilla’s Star! Keep this in mind when you’re graduating!

 

 

Tell us more about graduation!

 

Finally, our last corner is for Adventurers experiencing the season servers for the first time with the Autumn Season.

Let us delve into the details below. Just read on if you’re curious! 

 

[STEP 1]

Make sure you’re completely ready before graduating. You can’t enhance Tuvala gear or play on the season servers once you graduate.

 

[STEP 2]

Once you’re ready, accept the graduation quest from the <Crow Merchants Guild Chief Manager> Fughar. You’ll obtain the “Honorable Adventurer's Certificate” from him, and if you use this item, you will immediately graduate and your season character will be switched to a regular character.

 

 

[STEP 3]

After using the Honorable Adventurer's Certificate, it’s time to convert your season exclusive Tuvala gear.

You can obtain the “[Season] Tuvala Conversion Stone Box” from Fughar, which is a box that contains items that can convert season exclusive Tuvala gear to normal gear.

There is a total of 13 Tuvala Conversion Stones, which matches a full set of gear. Keep in mind that using the Tuvala Conversion Stone will result in items that can no longer be enhanced.  

Before I forget! Each Conversion Stone can only convert one Tuvala item. That’s why you need to be careful when choosing which Tuvala gear to convert for each gear slot! You don’t want to regret accidently converting a TET (IV) Tuvala Helmet instead of a PEN (V) one...    

 

[STEP 4]

Graduating from the Autumn Season also means that you can obtain the “Gift Box Full of Memories” that Fughar has prepared for you.

Probably the biggest point of the Gift Box Full of Memories is the [Season] Boss Gear Exchange Coupon that you can obtain from it! As for this item...it almost “magically” changes a Tuvala gear to Boss gear!!

First, you’ll need to accept a quest from Fughar to use the [Season] Boss Gear Exchange Coupon.

– [Season] Even Sharper Weapon: Main Weapon

– [Season] Even Sharper Weapon: Sub-Weapon

– [Season] Even Sturdier Armor: Helmet

– [Season] Even Sturdier Armor: Armor…etc.

And don’t forget! You must make sure the Tuvala gear you’ll exchange has already been converted to normal gear!

What if you’ve already converted the Tuvala gear that you’ll use to exchange and accepted the quest? Then, it’s time to go to Tranan Underfoe, the blacksmith in Veila, and do the following:

① Hand over the [Season] Boss Gear Exchange Coupon.

② Hand over the Tuvala gear that’ll be exchanged.

Exchanging for Boss gear will result in the exchanged gear being one enchantment level lower as follows: PEN (V) → TET (IV), TET (IV) → TRI (III). This is something you should know from reading the Autumn Season Servers Guide, right?

Wait, you haven’t read it yet? You don’t know what Tuvala gear can be exchanged for Boss gear?! Don’t wait any longer and take a look at the Autumn Season Servers Guide <HERE>! 

 

[STEP 5]

As you know, Fughar has prepared a “Gift Box Full of Memories” that contains a variety of items for Adventurers who’ve diligently played the Autumn Season.

 

 

The Gift Box Full of Memories contains a variety of items such as Cron Stone x100, Advice of Valks, [Event] Secret Book of Old Moon (7 Days), [Event] Elion's Tear, and more to help you in your adventures in the regular server.

And that’s a wrap for the Autumn Season Graduation, we hope you didn’t miss a single thing!  

 

Until next time!

07.10.2020

Introducing O'dyllita

07 October 2020 
 

 

Greetings Adventurers!

 

The long awaited new area, O’dyllita is finally open for you to explore!

For those adventurers who want to know more and to those who enjoy the thrills of an adventure, follow us as we embark on an adventure into O’dyllita! 

 

Before we begin our journey,  

please make sure you’ve completed the requirements to venture into O’dyllita. 

 

1. Are you at or above level 60? 

2. Have you finished the quest [Lv. 58 Kamasylvia] The Light of Kamasylve? 

 

 

 

If you’ve answered yes to both of the above, you’re all set to go!   

 

Now, to take your first step into O’dyllita, please accept the main quest [Lv.60 O'dyllita I] Flower of the Burning Moon.

  

If you wish to enter O’dyllita without progressing the main quest, go to Node Manager Aliluna at Thornwood Castle and Node Manager Honti at Shiv Valley Road to receive sub-quests with which you can obtain most of the NPC Knowledges available in O’dyllita.  

 

However, O’dyllita is a very closed society, so you’ll only be able to obtain all NPC Knowledges by progressing through the main quest line. For instance, you won’t be able to obtain Knowledges of the Queen of O’dyllita and her followers if you do not do the main quests. 

 

Therefore, we recommend you complete the main quest line of O’dyllita to make your adventure through the region much more enjoyable! 

  

Tip! Don’t be scared by the recommended AP of the new Monster Zones of O’dyllita! 

The only monsters you need to face during the main quest line are the ones in Manshaum Forest of Kamasylvia.  

So if you’ve completed the main quest line of Kamasylvia, you’ll do just fine with the O’dyllita main quests! 

 

And here we are! 

The capital city of O’dyllita, O’draxxia. 

 

   

Let’s take a look around the city. 

 

Why don’t we visit the queen first?  

 

  

We present to you the ruler of O’dyllita, Queen Viorencia Odore.  

Here’s the message from the queen, so listen well! 

 

You, who have been chosen by both the light and shadow! 

Welcome to O’dyllita, the promised land of the burning ones, the Ahib. 

There are no heroes in this land. 

All of us here are barbarians, warriors, 

and shadows hidden in the Arid Land. 

We are preparing to unveil poison and fangs against the greater darkness approaching us! 

Are you prepared to join the gruesome journey ahead? 

We wait for the day the darkness hidden in the world's shadow 

is purified into another darkness that blooms from our Mother's wrath... 

 

Gruesome... Journey?  

We’ll let you take the lead when we tour the Monster Zones later on... 

Not that we’re scared, of course! We just prefer to be where we can see everything better! 

 

Anyway, feeling a little peckish? We are!  

How about we catch some fish and cook up something to eat? 

 

Hey, look over there! Those pink flowers! You see them? 

 

 

They only grow in O’dyllita! It’s called Delotia.  

Well, we guess this is a great moment to introduce you to the new gathering items of O’dyllita. 

 

 

[Delotia] 

 

[Thornwood] 

  

[Moonlight Stone] 

  

These three are the new gatherable items in O’dyllita.  

Delotia is a plant that grows in the O’draxxia region and can be gathered with Bare Hands or with a Hoe.  

Also, the spiky Thornwood grows surprisingly well in barren lands where droughts are common. 

Lastly, mine the Moonlight Stone with a Pickaxe to obtain Nickel Ore.  

Well, we think we’ve learned enough of the new gatherable items! 

 

Let’s continue on to fishing. 

 

How about here? Plenty of space for us to haul in some nice fish! 

Now how about we finally do some fishing and eat lunch? 

By the way, don’t worry about the fish going bad while carrying it back for cooking.  

Fish in O’dyllita stay fresh for a longer period than fish caught in other regions! 

 

Did you catch anything you like?  

While you’re busy cooking the fish, let us introduce you to some of the delicacies of O’dyllita! 

  

Cooking 

Stir-Fried Bird 

Chicken Breast Salad 

Delotia Juice 

Delotia Milk Tea 

Delotia Tart 

Delotia Pudding 

Frank Sandwich 

Stir-Fried Bracken and Meat 

O'dyllita Meal 

 

Delotia Juice, Delotia Milk Tea, Delotia Tart... 

As you can see, a lot of O’dyllita’s cuisine is made from ingredients found only in O’dyllita. 

Please check their recipes for more details on how to cook them! 

  

While we’re at it, let me introduce you to some Elixirs of O’dyllita. 

  

Alchemy

Elixir of Skill 

Elixir of Mastery 

Elixir of Labor 

Elixir of Armor 

Armor Draught 

Perfume of Charm 

 

You can tell from their names the effects they have... 

While others... Well you’ll have to find out for yourself! 

  

Other than the Elixirs we just showed you, some new Elixirs, Draughts, and Perfumes with Immortal power were discovered in O’dyllita as well! 

 

Immortal: Beast's Draught 

Immortal: Giant's Draught 

Immortal: Savage Draught 

Immortal: Frenzy Draught 

Immortal: Spirit Perfume Elixir 

Immortal: Perfume of Courage 

Immortal: Khalk's Elixir 

Immortal: Elixir of Deep Sea 

The Immortal word on these items mean that their effects are maintained even when you die! Amazing, eh? 

We think we’ve seen most of what we can around town. 

 

Now let’s head onwards to Monster Zones! Ready? 

 

 

Adventurers! As shown on the map, there are four Monster Zones here.  

The first is the Tunkuta monster zone where a 2-player party is recommended. It's where the Tunta worshipping Turos trample around. 

 

 

Wait, do you hear it? This music! 

 

This piece is called VIII. O'dyllita: Field Theme #14 Clouds of War. 

Whenever we hear it, we feel like a bunch of monsters will charge at me at any moment! So good!  

Right, the Tunkuta Monster Zone. The Turos, these large bovine creatures, have immense endurance and boast powerful strength, but they like to keep apart from each other, so don’t worry about fighting many at the same time.  

 

Find yourself an adventurer and charge into the Turos!  

 

We also hear you can obtain materials for the new Elixirs there, so don’t miss it! 

Oh wait... 
 

 

Turo's Belt 

 

This is a belt you can obtain from the Monster Zones of O’dyllita. 

And there are Turos in Tunkuta... 

 

That must mean you can get Turo's Belt in Tunkuta! 

Well, we hope you congratulate each other if you get it, no matter who gets it first. 

 

This is not all, there are some more items you can only get in Tunkuta. 

Flame of Despair and Embers of Despair are crucial in crafting Fallen God's Armor! 

 

Alas, Flame of Despair has a very low drop rate. However, do not despair because you can exchange some Embers of Despair for one! 

Promise us you’ll show me the Fallen God's Armor if you acquire a Flame of Despair and craft it!  

 

Next is Olun's Valley. As you can see from the map, this is for a party of 3. 

 

 

Huh? What is this ominous tune? 

What you’re hearing now is VIII. O'dyllita: Field Theme #11 Escalating Tension. Such a fitting title, isn’t it? 

Every single monster in Olun's Valley is extremely powerful. One misstep could be the end of you. That said, the golems of Olun's Valley are slow and predictable, so it will get easier once you get the hang of it. 

Do remember that the goal of defeating Olun's Statue is to survive with your party members through coordination and concentration. 

Here are the 3 things you need to know to survive in Olun's Valley! 

 

▶ Move with caution. 

▶ Concentrate on coordination and defense. 

▶ Don’t be greedy.  

  

And here’s the Crypt of Resting Thoughts. 

 

 

We hear the Crypt of Resting Thoughts is the hardest zone out there, even harder than Ash Forest!

Last but not least, Thornwood Forest, a zone controlled by the Fallen Ahib. 

 

 

If you’re the kind of adventurer who likes Hystria Ruins or Aakman Temple, Thornwood Forest is the zone for you! 

The Ahibs here are susceptible to CC status effects. I believe a skilled adventurer like yourself should know what to do. 

 

Also, you can obtain Ominous Ring and Specter's Energy from Thornwood Forest. 

 

 

Ominous Ring 

 

Finally, there is a new ring to be discovered! Can’t wait to find out what it does! 

 

You can get Specter's Energy from a lot of places, but monsters of Thornwood Forest have a higher chance to drop it. 

  

Remember the Blackstar Armor you can craft with Specter's Energy? 

Well, now the Blackstar Helmet is available for crafting too! 

 

 

Blackstar Helmet 

 

The method to craft a Blackstar Helmet is similar to the process of crafting a Blackstar Armor, so why not give it a try? 

 

 

The design screams power, doesn’t it? 

 

Lastly, there’s a new function to help you become an even more powerful adventurer! 

Now you can add Crystals to your Awakening Weapon.  

 

Use Inverted Heart of Garmoth to upgrade a Dandelion or a Dragon Slayer Awakening Weapon to be able to add 2 Crystals on them. 

 

Ah'krad Crystal 

 

Olucas' Crystal 

 

Materials to craft these Crystals can be obtained from various Monster Zones of O’dyllita.

Now, the final part of our tour.

 

Let's complete [O'dyllita] Caphras' Journal from the main quest tab.  

  

 

Now we can all learn more about the Immortal Alchemist, Caphras and begin the Adventure Log, "Caphras' Record" along with it.

What’s that? You only have up to Volume 2? 

That’s correct! It’s all we have right now! Only some parts of the records of Caphras the Immortal Alchemist have been discovered. The location of the rest is still a mystery!

 

Let's all hope the rest can be found soon!

 


 

How was our little tour of O’dyllita?  

  

What’s the first thing you want to try or see?  

We personally want to catch those fish that last longer... 

And go into new Monster Zones to craft the magnificent Blackstar Helmet... 

Or maybe go and fight Garmoth to upgrade my awakening weapon... 

 

Nevertheless, there are so many things to do in O'dyllita so take a journey today!

07.10.2020

Celebrate O'dyllita launch with a web coupon code!

 

Enter the code below on your account page and receive: O'draxxia Storage +1 Expansion Coupon x2, [Event] Enhancement Help Kit I x1, and Advice of Valks (+30) x1!

 

Coupon Code

Expiration Date

BDOODLT

October 21, 2020 (23:59 UTC)

 

How to redeem the code?

  • From Web client: Click <Here>.
  • From Steam client: Go to In-game menu > Click "Redeem"

This code is only available for the PC version of EU/NA. You won't be able to redeem this code if you are playing outside EU/NA.

29.09.2020

O'dyllita Soundtrack

29 September 2020 
 

 

Greetings Adventurers,

 

If you have not already seen the - O'dyllita: Overture | Piano Concerto video uploaded on our Black Desert Online YouTube channel earlier this year, here is your chance.

 

Not only does VIII. O’dyllita : Overture (Piano Concerto) offers a glimpse into the once barren landscape of O’dyllita, but it also contains a haunting and passionate violin performance that expresses the lament of the Ahib.

 

 

 

We would like to at least show you the entire tracklist of the OST you’ll hear in O’dyllita.   

  

Track List

 

VIII. O'dyllita: Overture (Piano Concerto) 

Composed by Hwiman Ryu 

Arranged by Inro Joo 

Orchestrated by David Christiansen 

Pianist: Charlotte Steppes 

Orchestra: Staatskapelle Weimar 

Conductor: Christian Frank 

 

 

VIII. O'dyllita: O'draxxia 

Composed & Arranged by Inro Joo 

 

 

VIII. O'dyllita: Bahit Sanctum 

Composed & Arranged by Jiyoon Kim 

 

 

VIII. O'dyllita: Starry Midnight Port 

Composed & Arranged by Hwiman Ryu 

Strings: JAM Strings 

 

 

VIII. O'dyllita: Field Theme #1 Encounter with the Ahib 

Composed by Hwiman Ryu 

Arranged by Jochen Flach 

Orchestrated by David Christiansen 

Orchestra: BSSO (The Budapest Scoring Symphonic Orchestra) 

 

 

VIII. O'dyllita: Field Theme #2 A Fleeting Peace 

Composed by Hwiman Ryu 

Arranged by Dong Joon Oh 

 

 

VIII. O'dyllita: Field Theme #3 Arising Star

Composed & Arranged by Jiyoon Kim 

 

 

VIII. O'dyllita: Field Theme #4 Lament of the Ahib 

Composed & Arranged by Hwiman Ryu 

Violinist: Balázs 

 

 

VIII. O'dyllita: Field Theme #5 Vengeance in Minuet

Composed by Hwiman Ryu 

Arranged by Dong Joon Oh & Hwiman Ryu 

 

 

VIII. O'dyllita: Field Theme #6 Arid Wasteland 

Composed & Arranged by Jiyoon Kim 

 

 

VIII. O'dyllita: Field Theme #7 Dark Thorns

Composed & Arranged by Hwiman Ryu 

 

 

VIII. O'dyllita: Field Theme #8 Land of Darkness 

Composed & Arranged by Jiyoon Kim 

 

 

VIII. O'dyllita: Field Theme #9 Trill of Wraiths

Composed by Hwiman Ryu 

Arranged by Dong Joon Oh 

 

 

VIII. O'dyllita: Field Theme #10 Ruins of Black Blood 

Composed by Dong Joon Oh 

Arranged by Jiyoon Kim 

 

 

VIII. O'dyllita: Field Theme #11 Escalating Tension 

Composed by Hwiman Ryu 

Arranged by NBR 

 

 

VIII. O'dyllita: Field Theme #12 Labyrinth of the Grotesque

Composed & Arranged by Inro Joo 

 

 

VIII. O'dyllita: Field Theme #13 Shade of the Ancients 

Composed & Arranged by Dong Joon Oh 

 

 

VIII. O'dyllita: Field Theme #14 Clouds of War

Composed & Arranged by Hyoung Woo Roh 

Strings: JAM Strings 

 

 

VIII. O'dyllita: On the Path #1 

Composed & Arranged by Hwiman Ryu 

Violinist: Balázs 

 

 

VIII. O'dyllita: On the Path #2 

Composed & Arranged by Hwiman Ryu 

 

 

VIII. O'dyllita: On the Path #3 

Composed & Arranged by Hwiman Ryu 


 

 

O'dyllita finally arrives next week so stay tuned while you enjoy the beautiful sounds of the new expansion coming soon!

28.09.2020

Monthly Loyalty - October 2020

28 September 2020 
 

Period: October 1 (00:00 UTC)–October 31 (23:59 UTC)

Earn bonus items depending on how many Pearls you spend during the special promotional period!

  • The Monthly Loyalty event from September will be reset and the Monthly Loyalty information, which tracks how much Pearls you spend, will be reset at October 1 (00:00 UTC). Please take note of the promotion date of this loyalty program and make sure to collect all bonus rewards within the given promotional period. The bonus rewards for September will no longer be available and new bonus rewards for October will replace them. 

 

Please make sure to claim the bonus reward items within the promotional period!

Total Pearls Spent

Bonus Rewards

500

Max HP Increase Scroll x1,

Item Collection Increase Scroll (60 min) x1,

Blessed Message Scroll (100 min) x1

2,000

Elion's Tear x2,

Elion's Blessing x1,

Item Collection Increase Scroll (60 min) x1,

Blessed Message Scroll (100 min) x1

5,000

Mount Skill Change Coupon x1,

Brilliant Crimson Fire Flower x3,

Fruit of Yianaros x3,

Mysterious Blue Conch x3,

Item Collection Increase Scroll (60 min) x2,

Blessed Message Scroll (100 min) x2

10,000

*Contract: [Transaction Maid] Fairy Irene x1,

Item Collection Increase Scroll (60 min) x2,

Blessed Message Scroll (100 min) x2

20,000

Artisan's Memory x22,

Cron Stone x60,

Item Collection Increase Scroll (60 min) x3,

Blessed Message Scroll (100 min) x3

33,000

Secret Book of Old Moon (15 Days) x1,

Blessing of Kamasylve (15 Days)x1,

Item Collection Increase Scroll (60 min) x3,

Blessed Message Scroll (100 min) x3

50,000

[Event] Premium Outfit Box x1,

Artisan's Memory x40,

Item Collection Increase Scroll (60 min) x4,

Blessed Message Scroll (100 min) x4

*New for October 2020
 


Event Notice

  • Please note that the bonus items will no longer be available if they are not collected within the promotional period. Please make sure to claim the items within the promotional period!

  • Bonus rewards stack.

    • For example, if you spend 2,000 Pearls during the promotional period, you will get the bonus rewards for both 2,000 Pearls and 500 Pearls.

  • If you cancel the purchase of a Pearl item during the promotional period, the cost of that item will be subtracted from the total amount of Pearls you spent during the period.

    • If applicable, the bonus items you claimed, but are no longer qualified for, may be removed from your possession (if the items were used, the equivalent value in Silver may be deducted from your account).

  • You can check the amount of Pearls you have spent so far during the promotional period via the Pearl Shop (F3) window.

  • Rewards will be claimable directly from the Monthly Loyalty button located at the top right corner of the Pearl Shop (F3) window.

    • Check your Inventory > Pearl tab to find your bonus rewards.

  • If the Monthly Loyalty promotion is continued in the next coming month, the Monthly Loyalty information, which tracks how much Pearls you spend, will be reset on the first day of every month at 00:00 UTC.

  • Reward items given out during events can be bound or not depending on the items and some cannot be moved or restored.

    • Please refer to the individual item descriptions for more detailed information.

  • Any exploit or abnormal ways of entering in-game events may result in the restriction of your account.

  • Event period and specs. may change with future notice.

24.09.2020

Mysteries of Summer: Behind the Scenes

23 September 2020 
 

In 2018, we tried to figure out what kind of event we could make with the motto: “let’s create a special event that you can only experience in Black Desert Online.” And with Steven Spielberg’s “Ready Player One” igniting the hearts of countless gamers and fans in the spring of that year, we also decided to take the time to watch it as a group.

 

We couldn’t help but be deeply impressed and inspired when we watched scenes straight out of imagination such as the Gundam and Godzilla duking it out, and the movie’s protagonist riding a DeLorean from “Back to the Future” and solving the riddle-like challenges to become the eventual winner. Thus, that is how Black Desert Online’s Mysteries of Summer, an event which sometimes brought together adventurers worldwide in cooperation and other times in thrilling competition, was born.

 

 

 

The event reached its third season this year. This time, we promised to provide a fair contest by ensuring fairness over information availability. With this intent as our basis, we designed it in the form of an “international competition” to maintain a reasonable amount of suspense by putting the honor of each region on the line with rewards that were even shared with adventurers who did not participate in the event, so all adventurers would actively share information and move forward cooperatively, diminishing the discouragement from the intense competitive stakes.

 

We also put a lot of effort into the story. Last year’s quest was an adaptation of Shakespeare’s “Romeo and Juliet,” depicting the love between the Princess of Balenos and the Prince of Calpheon, and the fall of the Balenos empire. The story this year was an homage to “King Lear,” another one of Shakespeare’s tragedies, and “Ran,” a film by director Akira Kurosawa.

 

 

 

The phrase "Fear and praise the sun and moon becoming one" that you saw when interacting with the worn alchemy tool was a subtle hint to the quest being an homage. We expressed our respect to the director by mentioning his name Akira (明), made up of two characters, 日 (sun) and 月 (moon).

 

And so, the event began on Friday August 21, 2020 at 10 PM KST.

My heart was really pounding. Although we tried our best to make the competition as fair as possible, we were afraid that someone might get through the prologue in only a few minutes after the event began. Just thinking about that moment is making my heartbeat speed up again. But thankfully, our adventurers smoothly started to put the clues together.

 

 

 

The scene in the prologue was of Antonio Domongatt, who became king, expressing his respect for Queen Roxanne, but at the same time holding a ceremony before going to war against his father, Crucio Domongatt. It was quite difficult to perfectly line up the transparent ghosts T.T

Soon after, an adventurer unveiled the secret of the royal family and the race began. We updated daily quests at the Stonetail Horse Ranch about a month ago in preparation, acting as if those quests had nothing to do with the event. As such, we prepared a lot in advance this year. Similar to how the information revealed early on seemed to say that the secret quest’s NPC was “Crucio Domongatt,” but in the end, it had nothing to do with him.

 

Anyhow, adventurers put together various clues and arrived at the Stonetail Horse Ranch quite easily. There were many adventurers who handed over Horse Race Seals, but it was difficult to move onto the next stage as we made it so that 100 adventurers needed to gather together for the flower to bloom.

At first, we thought maybe we should make it 10 to 20 people to keep the pace up, but we decided to keep it 100 as we wanted our adventurers to know that the key point in this year’s event is “cooperation.” But in the end, it was only somewhat successful. After all of the hints were revealed, there were over 100 adventurers at the Stonetail Horse Ranch on a certain server, but the flower still seldom bloomed.

 

After the first stage was cleared, the next stages were cleared quite quickly... T.T Also, there was a reason why the invisible stepping stones, which caused a lot of discussion, looked that way, but nobody bothered taking on the challenge. But at that point, we realized how sharp all adventurers were, seeing that basically everyone already had wine.

 

 

And on “Tears of the Leaves” or “dew drops,” we based the in-game crafting methods of this item on “Soju,” Korean traditional liquor. We tried to replicate how Soju was made in real-life by using ingredients within the game, but we admittedly had some shortfalls. Global adventurers were keen enough to notice them, but rumors say Soju is recognized as a fancy drink in some countries. Hahaha (Awkward).

 

After that, our adventurers continued on to the riddles on Hunting (Lips of a Woman in Love), Trading (Cloud of Romance), Fishing (Breeze of the Quiet Lands), and finally came to the “Star that Stays True.”

To be honest, we didn’t expect this one to cause significant trouble. No matter how much we hid our NPCs, adventurers had always managed to find them. So we decided to raise the bar by making our hints more ambiguous. Maybe it was because the peak was a difficult place to reach or perhaps because we played this one close to the chest, but it took some time for the NPC to be found. That also seems to be how “Maestro’s First Piece” played out as well. It was quite a tricky hint regarding the location.

 

Moving on to the duck...

Before we continue, we owe an apology to our adventurers. We didn’t intend for this one to be as frustrating as it was. We had shortened the seagulls’ respawn time so that adventurers could find them more easily when searching individually. But most adventurers gathered around on a large boat to enjoy the sunset together and that was something we had not expected.

 

Next stop was the Owl. Many adventurers suggested that “Mysteries of Summer quests should be made so that it can be solved with hints within the game,” and we tried to put those words into practice. We had prepared an ace to even up the scores on our mishap regarding [2673]. I was watching this particular event unfold live from a stream. It was definitely a touching moment.

We initially aimed for this one to be discovered through searching the dialogues of King Antonio. But the riddle was solved in a way that none of us had ever imagined. Although half in surprise and half in misunderstanding, this puzzle became the most memorable moment for our adventurers, so we were happy with the results. By the way, the name of the owl…the answer was the mailbox of the wizard with the scar on his forehead.

 

 

 

Next up were the Sky Balloons. Before continuing on, we would like to take this opportunity to sincerely apologize for any disappointment and inconvenience that the adventurers might have experienced during this puzzle. For what it’s worth, we were trying to hold the Secret Quest Challenge in conjunction with our console users. We had the Secret Quest Challenges tested in the PS4 slim environment and it successfully passed the QA test. However, we faced a lot of unexpected problems when it came to live due to differences in performances amongst different PCs.

We always felt the secret quests lacked individual participation because adventurers could complete them blindly by following the guides made by those who finished it. Therefore, we tried to set a different tone by allowing adventurers to think of a way to complete these puzzles in their own way. Everyone had their own unique network conditions so, developing further on that idea, we made the puzzles in which adventurers would land on the stepping stone by disconnecting.

 

 

 

The fangs and their hints were a very controversial issue as well. As all of you might have guessed, the image of the Valencian elephant standing on its two feet was a hint to the elephant constellation in game. 18/88 alludes to the Cassiopeia constellation that looks very much alike to the elephant. It’s the 18th sign out of 88 constellations officially approved by the International Astronomical Union.

Regarding α+β-γ-δ+ε+, the positive (+) and negative (-) signs represent the score you obtain when you place a sheep on the stepping stones that represent each star in the Cassiopeia constellation. TVXQ! is the initials for a fan club known as Cassiopeia as well. The riddle behind the Greek alphabets and underline was that if you permutate it to an alphabetical order, it ends right before F (for fans, noting the TVXQ! fanclub called Cassiopeia). 55 5...is meant to mean 55 sheep and 5 people.

It seems like quite a difficult puzzle now that I’ve explained it. We were trying to create a hint that was hard to pin down or only a few adventurers would be able to notice. Things can get carried away like that.

It’s very difficult to create a puzzle that people can naturally work their way out of. Making it too easy will give away the answer and there is nothing worse than a giveaway puzzle. There are a lot of very smart adventurers in the world. Of course, we know this just sounds like an excuse, so we’ll try harder in the future.

 

 

 

The Fang of the Full Moon brought in the aerial stepping stones that were not included in the 3rd quest. Previous iterations of the stepping stones mainly involved vertical, up-and-down movements, and so we thought to make things more complicated by adding diagonal and horizontal movements, as well as circular animations to create a more varied course.

Additionally, the concept for the infamous W-shaped stepping stones was “Stepping Stones of Sacrifice.” Since when one thinks of sacrifice, one naturally thinks of the lamb. So we designed it so that the latter parties who attempted this quest could benefit more from the initial parties’ suffering and efforts. Oh, at first we planned to make adventurers carry the lamb in Serendia instead of the Prancing Lamb, yet we lacked the time to develop the jumping animation while carrying a lamb, so we axed that idea. I personally lamented over the fact that we couldn’t add that to the final version of this quest.

Plus…when you think of the Mysteries of Summer event, don’t the stepping stones come to mind first? Many may dish out some colorful language when hearing these words, but when I think of secret, I automatically think of the stepping stones. Oh, as a reminder, I don’t say these things just to make you mad and become the target of your frustrations. I’m quite a sensitive person, you know? T.T

 

Anyway, I was somewhat proud of the adventurers who gave positive feedback on the Sherekhan Necropolis part, especially the additional animation we implemented. Those in charge of production were particularly overjoyed to hear the news. And so, the producer in charge quickly came up with an idea to gift adventurers with an item that would appropriately commemorate the secret quest. Hence we came up with the Black Spirit decoration. Originally, we didn’t plan for this piece of furniture. It’s quite cute, isn’t it?

Oh, I’d like to thank the adventurer who developed the method to pass through the final part with Lahn Succession. Thanks to you, I too quickly overcame that part. I suffered greatly as well when we were testing it.

 

  

 

Now the broomstick, which tied the axe and fire arrows in this year’s [2673] iteration…this was also about the wizard with the scarred forehead. Regardless, many adventurers tried their hand at the long-awaited 16th quest.

Truth be told, the 16th quest was one devised right after Season 2 had finished last year. We thought endlessly about how we could create a quest that could not be datamined prior to its release, and to do this, we realized that we needed an item unobtainable from within the game. It’s why we chose the coupon method as the way for the adventurers to acquire the item. For one, it could not be datamined in the text from within the game, so the hint was a drawing marking the placement of the coupon’s characters.

 

 

 

Also, to make evident how adventurers from all over the globe were taking part in the Mysteries of Summer, we used different alphabet letters for each region. The word we chose here was Watchtower, the important setting to the story of this secret quest. We made the words into an anagram, then organized them in order of when Black Desert was released in each country. Between the start (A) and the end (Ω), we filled in the gap with what ended up as a web coupon code.

 

 

 

This Watchtower is where the quest-giver Jordine’s youthful immaturity came to an end and the current, vengeful Jordine was born anew. And it is also where his ties with his close friend, Al and his swordsmanship teacher, Cliff, came to an end, while Jarette’s love for Jordine began. Of course, it now only just serves as a barracks of the Shadow Knights.

Now that the hints have all been disclosed, we want to once again thank our adventurers for showing us such amazing deductive reasoning and enthusiasm.

It’s a fact that the final quest somewhat divided our adventurer’s opinions in likes and dislikes. The main reason being that even though Mysteries of Summer was a competition between regions, adventurers should’ve still been able to share information with other regions. “Information fairness” … As a result of focusing too much on preventing data from being unpacked/mined, it was something we couldn’t ignore.  On the other hand, we believe there were many adventurers who enjoyed it because of the fairness regarding this season.

 

 

And 2 weeks later, there was an intense solo competition for the Lion’s Ring, “the treasure given to the 1 final person who produces a secret within a secret.” As this solo competition could not allow any “datamining” under any circumstances, we exhaustively considered all possibilities in our preparations to ensure a fair competition.

After much consideration, we made it so the NPC location of “Fate’s Thread,” the most important factor of this quest, would not be saved both by the server or client, making it physically impossible to datamine. We based this method on how to prevent hacking, as the best way is to completely disconnect from the internet.

When proceeding with this quest, we summoned the quest NPC in a specific server and location at the start, and the riddle itself was not saved anywhere in the game, but was sent directly by the operation team via in-game mail.

For security-purposes, less than 10 people within the company knew how to complete this quest and the contents of the hint at the moment when the quest began, as well as the summoning of the quest NPC and the delivery of the in-game mail, were all conducted under heavy supervision by those in-charge. In addition, since starting the quest in all regions at the same time would be disadvantageous to those in certain time zones, we prepared different answers to different questions for each region, and also scheduled it to be at the peak playtimes of each region.

  

We also sent the in-game mail an extra 3 minutes earlier to the top 10 rankers, providing an advantage for their hard-earned efforts. Again, for security-purposes, we had to manually send out the mail, which was quite the task, but we wanted to do things right for those first attempting the quest.

Twenty or so questions were the number we thought most appropriate at first, especially for security purposes, yet it’s also true that it could have negatively impacted the overall fun factor. The further an adventurer progressed through the quests, the clearer the hints we needed to provide to guide them to the answers. So at this point was when we threw in an entirely different concept altogether.

The 10 hints we provided alluded to answers that were frankly quite easy to solve. So, we decided to use the answers to those hints as another group of hints, which were designed to contain dual meanings. Although there were some varying levels of difficulty in the questions per region, we still carried them out in this fashion since we weren’t looking for only 1 winning adventurer across all our regions.

  

After a couple of hours, we had a winner and this year’s Mysteries of Summer event came to an end. Some adventurers may say “Why do you keep having this event when it causes so much trouble?” That’s what we also thought last year when it ended that way.

But when we think of adventurers around the world bringing their heads together, passionately trying to solve the riddles, this thought simply goes away. It’s surely an unforgettable experience. We can’t say for sure when the next Mysteries of Summer will be held. It might not even be in the summer next time, it could be winter, it could be never.

Looking at the order in which the stories were told, the tale of the royal family of Calpheon should be next, but this isn’t the only way to unravel these stories.

 

Finally, we sincerely thank you for enjoying the Mysteries of Summer event. 

Oh, and one last thing, the quest items also contain an easter egg for a new region. Where do you think it’ll be?

16.09.2020

Dev's Note: Celebrating Pearl Abyss’ 10th anniversary together!

10 September 2020 

 

Greetings! 

 

On September 10, 2010, we began our journey to develop the best MMO in the world. 

For ten years, we've worked relentlessly to achieve this goal, and today, we would like to celebrate our 10th anniversary with you! 

We want to sincerely thank everyone across all platforms and in over 150 countries for their love and support for our titles: Black Desert, Black Desert Mobile, Black Desert Console, and Shadow Arena. 

We would also like to express our gratitude to those patiently waiting for our future titles: Crimson Desert, DokeV, and PLAN 8. 

None of what we've achieved in the last 10 years would have been possible without you. 

We will strive to deliver more amazing experiences, and we're excited to join you in creating many more adventures! 
 

Sincerely, 

Pearl Abyss

 

Coupon Code

10th Anniversary Coupon Code

BDOPA10

  • You’ll get Coral Furniture Set x1 and [Event] Blessing of Old Moon Pack (7 Days) x1

  • The coupon must be redeemed and claimed by Tuesday, September 29, 2020 (before maintenance).

  • Thank you for your unwavering love and support.

 

How to redeem coupon code

  • From Web client <HERE

  • From Steam client: Go to In-game menu (ESC) > Click "Redeem"

    • This code is only available for the PC version of EU/NA. 

    • You won't be able to redeem this code if you are playing outside EU/NA.

 

Notice

  • The coupon must be redeemed and claimed by Tuesday, September 29, 2020 (08:00 UTC or before regular maintenance).

  • The coupon cannot be redeemed and the items cannot be claimed after it expires.

  • The coupon is available once per family.

09.09.2020

Hashashin Awakening & Succession

09 September 2020 
 

 

Hashashin will have both Awakening and Succession available together at the same time.

Make the choice on which path you would take your Hashashin next week on September 16!

 

The Hashashin rises from his trials of suffering to become the wielder of the sands' true power.

 

Hear me, as the bush needs water to grow, and the flowers must be tended to before they wither,

send your blessings of the holy sands before your servant dries into dust.

A wandering soul cries out into the night sky. The sands of the hourglass ran thin, as the soul found no answer to the Blackstar. With time running out, the soul's fleeting life seems certain to end.

Let me overpower the certainty of death.

 

"Aal's faithful servant. What causes you to cry out in a place like this?

Nourish yourself with my words, carry yourself back to the fortress and rest."

 

The words resonated with the lost soul. His mission to discover the truth of the Blackstar had reached an unfortunate end.

But to return to a fortress filled of those who deny the teachings?

Those old men who revel in the power they have over the warriors of Aal?

Perhaps he should obey the command, return to where his journey began and turn his brothers back towards the true path, and not that of the false leaders.

 

Of all Aal’s servants, I appeared for you, and in this apparition I will reveal the truth. Time unlocks the secrets you seek.

Now that I have revealed this truth, return and pray, for there you shall fulfill the rest of your mission.

Take comfort and spend the rest of your time under Aal's blessing.

 

The first prophet, Barhan, took the words of Aal and committed them to scripture.

The final prophet, Kayal, spoke of the Blackstar’s fall and how it would open up a Paradise to the north.

However the Blackstar did fall, yet Paradise had not opened its shrouded gates.

And in that moment, the mist in his mind began to fade, and clarity was once more his.

 

 Yet why does the prophet narrow his eyes?

 

 "Now I summon you to the highest place in the desert. Do you see Valencia in all its splendor below?

  Bow before me, and I shall grant you all the riches, silver and gold,the most fragrant of oils, all that lie within that city unto you."

 

Book of Vigilance, Chapter 9 Verse 10

The serpentine shadow whispers of a paradise filled with false hope...

For you are Ibedor, birthed from the shadowy despair of this world.

Servant of Hadum! With Aal on my side, I shall not falter!

 

For I am the blade of Aal, wielder of the arid sands.

Prepare, foul creature, for today will be your last.

 

Succession

 

 

A Hashashin who chooses Succession is more agile and uses powerful magic.

With his mastery over the Haladie,

the Hashashin weaves through the battlefield through sandstorms and strikes his enemies from behind.

He can hide himself in sand twisters for a surprise attack,

or summon the sand twister upon enemies to wreak havoc.

The Haladie can now be used to pinpoint the enemy’s weakness with greater speed and strength.

 

Awakening
 

 

With Aal's Grace, the Hashashin overcomes his suffering and awakens

to wield the Dual Glaives in the name of Aal.

He wields enormous dual glaives as if they were light as a feather, unleashing a flurry of unavoidable attacks to push his enemies to the brink.

Having conquered and absorbed the power of Hadum's servant,

Hashashin sets the sand serpent upon his quivering foes.

 

Combat Trailers

 

Hashashin Awakening Combat Trailer

 

 

Hashashin Succession Combat Trailer

 

 

Skills

 

Hashashin Awakening Skills

 

Collapse

Send the sand serpents and launch targets in midair to inflict a decisive strike.

Enemies receive damage as they are launched up and receive a more powerful strike when they fall with the sand serpents.

 

Ensnaring Sands

Creates an inescapable area of Ensnaring Sands.

Ensnared enemies are nothing but a feast for the sand serpents.

 

Paradise Surge

Close the distance with your foe in an instant to lead them to paradise.

Can be used multiple times, with one extra unhindered chase with Way of Aal in effect.

 

 

Constriction

Unleash the sand serpents to coil around your enemies.

Can be used from quite a distance. Constricted enemies cannot fight back.

 

 

Hashashin Succession Skills

 

 

Prime: Aal’s Breath

Summons whirlwinds of sands which follow the target in front, and disguises self as a whirlwind as well.

 

 

Prime: Sand Warp

Create a warp and vanish into it.

Can vanish once more after using Sand Warp.

 

Prime: Purge

Empower the shamshir with magic and unleash devastation on everything in front.

Can trigger a sudden attack by using it after Sand Warp.

 

Succession: Arid Assault

Ambush the enemy by consuming your power.

Can cause explosions along the path of the Haladie after a Haladie Throw.

 

 

 

Hashashin Awakening and Succession will both be available on September 16!

Stay tuned for more events and exciting promotions coming up.

02.09.2020

O'dyllita Coming Soon

02 September 2020 
 

O’dyllita, the Land of Darkness and Ancient Secrets.

The secrets of O’dyllita will soon be unveiled.

O’dyllita, the Land of Darkness and Ancient Secrets

 

Banished from the lands of Kamasylvia for burning Kamasylve, the Sacred Tree of the goddess Sylvia, the Ahibs, led by Viorencia Odore, the only princess of the Vedir, arrived in the Arid Land and stumbled upon the ruins of an ancient kingdom.

In the capital city of the ancient kingdom of Orzeca, they discovered a gigantic Thornwood tree, and by using the Kamasylve branch brought from Kamasylvia on this tree, they gave birth to Turasil, the Sacred Tree of the Ahib.

With the glory of their mother recovered, they now prepare themselves to face the ancient darkness.

 

Olun’s Valley, the Dark Side of the Ancient Kingdom of Orzeca

 

The valley of the Olun tribespeople who were banished into infertile lands for being weakest in the old Orzecan Empire.

an echo began in the valley of Oluns, that all disappeared during the fall of Orzeca.

 

Narcion, the Paradise of Narc the Ancient Spirit

You may take away all the blessings left in this forest,

but I beg you, do not abandon my beloved daughters.

Take care of the children of the Moon who are still staying in this forest.

Should my children leave, I beg you again, please stay by their side.

Wet their arid hearts, not their arid land. 

 

Thornwood Forest, the Forest of Curse and Salvation

 

Is this the curse of the Ancient Kingdom of Orzeca, or a salvation?

As the evil energy of curse embedded in the soil of O’dyllita takes root through Turasil,

the Fallen Ones thirsting for endless greed are unleashed upon this land.

 

Mystical Night at O’draxxia, the Capital City of O’dyllita

  

 We are the Burning Ones, Ahibs.

  

After waiting for so long,

Our Mother regained her glory

as we returned the flawless crown of Goddess to her.

We shall get back the knowledge we lost to the barbarians,

and call back the fugitives

so that they may serve under our Mother's feet.

 


 

Coming Soon on

October 7th, 2020

02.09.2020

Changes to the End of Summer Season Item Conversion

02 September 2020 
 
 

Greetings Adventurers,

Thank you all for enjoying the Summer Season Server and pre-registering for the upcoming Autumn Season as well.

For those of you who were unable to convert their Tuvala gear or graduate their Season characters, we’ve made some changes to what happens to Summer Season gear and items when the new Autumn Season starts with the September 2nd maintenance.

 

Please read on for more details!

 

■ Gift Box Full of Memories

With the start of the Autumn Season after the September 2nd maintenance, even adventurers who did not finish the Summer Season graduation quest, [Season Server Graduation] Into the Big Wide World, will receive the Gift Box Full of Memories reward.

 

So, if you were not able to finish the [Season Server Graduation] Into the Big Wide World quest during the Summer Season, check your Mailbox (B) for the reward!

 

■ Tuvala Gear Auto Conversion

The initial plan was to delete all Tuvala gear that had not been converted with Tuvala Conversion Stones when the new Autumn Season starts on the September 2nd maintenance. Well, we have good news for adventurers who could not or forgot to convert their Tuvala Gear!

This means the Tuvala gear will be entered into the Summer Season Character that has been converted back into a normal character. If you had deleted this character, you will not be eligible to receive any converted gear or accessories.

Based on the below Tuvala Gear Auto-Conversion Priority Rule, one piece of gear for each gear slot (2 each for earrings and rings) will be auto converted to gear usable by normal characters.

 

All remaining Tuvala gear with their respective part already with a converted Tuvala gear will be deleted as announced before. (For instance, if you already have a converted PEN: Tuvala Gloves, all remaining Tuvala Gloves will be deleted)

 

■ How Tuvala Gear Auto Conversion Works

Tuvala Gear Auto Conversion Priority Rule

 One Tuvala Gear for each gear slot with the highest enhancement level (2 each for earrings and rings) = 13 pieces of gear

For example, if you have PEN: Tuvala Gloves and TRI: Tuvala Gloves, both unconverted, in your bag or storage, your PEN: Tuvala Gloves will be automatically converted.

If you have two or more Tuvala gear of the same enhancement level, the following rule will be applied.

 

 Tuvala Gear with Item Brand Spell Stone Used.

For example, if you have a branded PEN: Tuvala Gloves and a non-branded PEN: Tuvala Gloves, the branded gear will be converted.

If you have 2 or more Tuvala gear with the same enhancement level and with all of them branded or none of them branded, as in having the same status, the below third rule will be applied.

 

 The Most Recently Crafted Tuvala Gear

For example, if one PEN: Tuvala Longsword was crafted on August 1st, while the other PEN: Tuvala Longsword was crafted on August 10th (both not branded), the PEN: Tuvala Longsword crafted on August 10th will be auto-converted.

  • All Tuvala gear that do not meet the rule above will be deleted with the September 2nd maintenance.

 

You can find the auto-converted Tuvala gear in your Summer Season character’s Inventory (I).

Please note that all other Tuvala Gear and Summer Season items subject to deletion, such as Time-filled Black Stones, Ouk Pill of Rift, Secret Book of the Misty Breeze, etc., will be all deleted as well during this week’s maintenance.

 

Here is the list of Summer Season items being deleted. Note some of these items will be available again with the Autumn Season.

  • [Season] New Adventure Box

  • [Season] Lv. 15: Leveling Aid Box—[Season] Lv. 61: Leveling Aid Box

  • Refined Magical Black Stone Bundle

  • Tuvala Ore Bundle

  • Tuvala Ore

  • [Season] Ouk Pill of Rift

  • Time-filled Black Stone Bundle

  • Time-filled Black Stone

  • Refined Magical Black Stone

  • [Season] Secret Book of the Misty Breeze


 

Thank you for enjoying the season servers! 

  • ...
  • ...